I investigate group processes, especially the antecedents and aftermath of ostracism (being excluded and ignored). In my first line of research, I study the extent of ostracism’s aftermath on social pain, psychological needs, affect, and aggression. I also investigate whether individual differences and situational factors moderate ostracism’s immediate and delayed effects. In my second line of research, I investigate the antecedents to ostracism. Why are individuals ostracized? Using several manipulations, I found individuals are likely to be ostracized if they are perceived as burdensome to the group. In both lines of research, I extend my work to include intergroup relations, non-verbal communication, and individual differences.
- Aggression, Conflict, Peace
- Applied Social Psychology
- Emotion, Mood, Affect
- Group Processes
- Intergroup Relations
- Interpersonal Processes
- Personality, Individual Differences
- Persuasion, Social Influence
- Prejudice and Stereotyping
- Research Methods, Assessment
Research Group or Laboratory:
- Social Connections Laboratory
- Klages, S. V., & Wirth, J. H. (2014). Excluded by laughter: Laughing until it hurts someone else. The Journal of Social Psychology, 154, 8-13.
- Riva, P., Wirth, J. H., & Williams, K. D. (2011). The consequences of pain: The social and physical pain overlap on psychological responses. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 681-687.
- Sacco, D. F., Wirth, J. H., Chen, Z., Hugenberg, K., & Williams, K. D. (2011). The world in black and white: Ostracism enhances the categorical perception of social information. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 836–842.
- Wesselmann, E. D., Wirth, J. H., Pryor, J. B., Reeder, G. D., & Williams, K. D. (2013). When do we ostracize? Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 108-115.
- Wesselmann, E. D., Wirth, J. H., Williams, K. D., & Mroczek, D. K. (2012). A time-line of affective decline during an ostracism experience. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 580–586.
- Wirth, J. H., & Bodenhausen, G. V. (2009). The role of gender in mental-illness stigma: A national experiment. Psychological Science, 20, 169-173.
- Wirth, J. H., Lynam, D. R., & Williams, K. D. (2010). When social pain isn’t automatic: Personality disorders buffer ostracism’s immediate negative impact. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 397-401.
- Wirth, J. H., Sacco, D. F., Hugenberg, K., & Williams, K. D. (2010). Eye gaze as relational evaluation: Averted eye gaze leads to feelings of ostracism and relational devaluation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 869-882.
- Wirth, J. H., Turchan, P. J., Zimmerman, A. G., & Bernstein, M. J. (2014). Atimia: A novel group-based paradigm for manipulating ostracism and group members’ performance. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 18, 251–266.
- Wirth, J. H., & Williams, K. D. (2009). “They don’t like our kind”: Consequences of being ostracized while possessing a group membership. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 12, 111-127.
- Wirth, J. H., Feldberg, F., Schouten, A., van den Hoof, B., & Williams, K. D. (2012). Using virtual game environments to study group behavior. In A. B. Hollingshead & M. S. Poole (Eds.), Research methods for studying groups and teams: A guide to approaches, tools, and technologies (pp. 173-198). New York: Routledge.
- Experimental Social Psychology
- Introduction to Psychology
- Introduction to Social Psychology
- Research Methods in Psychology
- Stereotyping and Prejudice
1179 University Drive
Newark, Ohio 43055
- Phone: (740) 755-7880
- Skype Name: jim.wirth31