I investigate group processes, especially those associated with being ostracized (excluded and ignored). I study the extent of ostracism’s impact on social pain, fundamental needs, affect, and aggression. I examine whether individual differences and situational factors can moderate ostracism’s immediate and delayed effects. I also investigate why individuals are ostracized. Using a variety of manipulations, I have found that the likelihood an individual will be ostracized increases as the individual is perceived as more burdensome to the group. In this work, I incorporate intergroup relations, non-verbal communication, and psychopathology.
- Aggression, Conflict, Peace
- Applied Social Psychology
- Emotion, Mood, Affect
- Group Processes
- Intergroup Relations
- Interpersonal Processes
- Personality, Individual Differences
- Prejudice and Stereotyping
- Research Methods, Assessment
Research Group or Laboratory:
- Social Connections Laboratory
- Wesselmann, E. D., Wirth, J. H., Pryor, J. B., Reeder, G. D., & Williams, K. D. (in press). When do we ostracize? Social Psychology and Personality Science.
- Wesselmann, E. D., Wirth, J. H., Williams, K. D., & Mroczek, D. K. (2012). A time-line of affective decline during an ostracism experience. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 580–586.
- Sacco, D. F., Wirth, J. H., Chen, Z., Hugenberg, K., & Williams, K. D. (2011). The world in black and white: Ostracism enhances the categorical perception of social information. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 836–842.
- Riva, P., Wirth, J. H., & Williams, K. D. (2011). The consequences of pain: The social and physical pain overlap on psychological responses. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 681-687.
- Wirth, J. H., Lynam, D. R., & Williams, K. D. (2010). When social pain isn’t automatic: Personality disorders buffer ostracism’s immediate negative impact. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 397-401.
- Wirth, J. H., Sacco, D. F., Hugenberg, K., & Williams, K. D. (2010). Eye gaze as relational evaluation: Averted eye gaze leads to feelings of ostracism and relational devaluation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 869-882.
- Wirth, J. H., & Williams, K. D. (2009). “They don’t like our kind”: Consequences of being ostracized while possessing a group membership. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 12, 111-127.
- Wirth, J. H., & Bodenhausen, G. V. (2009). The role of gender in mental-illness stigma: A national experiment. Psychological Science, 20, 169-173.
- Schmitt, M. T., & Wirth, J. H. (2009). Evidence that gender differences in social dominance orientation result from gendered self-stereotyping and group-interested responses to patriarchy. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 33, 429-436.
- Williams, K. D., & Wirth, J. H. (2007). Stealing thunder. In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 938-939). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Williams, K. D., & Wirth, J. H. (2010). Social compensation. In J. M. Levine & M. A. Hogg (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations (Vol. 2, pp. 766-768). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Wirth, J. H., Feldberg, F., Schouten, A., van den Hoof, B., & Williams, K. D. (2012). Using virtual game environments to study group behavior. In A. B. Hollingshead & M. S. Poole (Eds.), Research methods for studying groups and teams: A guide to approaches, tools, and technologies (pp. 173-198). New York: Routledge.
- Bernstein, M. J., & Wirth, J. H. (in press). Inferential statistics: Truth finding tools. In E. V. Clemens, G. A. Nurse, & J. A. Benfield (Eds.), Designing and conducting research in psychology. National Social Science Press.
- Experimental Social Psychology
- Introduction to Psychology
- Introduction to Social Psychology
Department of Psychology
University of North Florida
1 UNF Drive, Building 51
Jacksonville, FL 32224
- Phone: (904) 620-1613
- Skype Name: jim.wirth31